Useful Articles For Exam Preparation

The following articles relate to News of the World, The Death of Print Media and the overhauling of laws on Social Media.

Phone-hacking scandal_ New disclosures … NoW phone-hacking scandal just ge
Pell’s threat to sue Twitter highlights law’s use-by date
News of the World scandal_ Murdoch’s UK reputation is trashed _ Crikey (1)
Fairfax numbers look grim according to report _ Crikey
Chris Hedges_ Gone With the Papers – Chris Hedges’ Columns – Truthdig
A pressing case for standing up to Rupert Murdoch’s bullying


Media Theory and Regulation

Today we looked at various theories that try to describe media influence. These include:

  • The Hypodermic Needle Theory
  • The Agenda Setting Theory
  • The Cultivation Theory
  • Uses and Gratifications Theory
  • Encoding/Decoding Theory

Read through the theories again in your media text – Chapter 9 page 155 and then post your response to the following questions:

1/In what ways is media content in Australia regulated?
2/ What theory is this regulation based on? How does it see the position of audiences?
3/ What are the main arguments for and against this regulation?

The rise of alternative media

Please click on the link and read the rise of alternative media.


When you have read the article you are to watch some of programs listed. You can also read through some of the newspapers listed. When you have become familiar with their content write a post that includes the following:

  • In what way do you think these alternative media sources differ from mainstream media
  • Were there stories covered that you have never thought about or considred before?
  • How are the stories presented?
  • Did you notice advertising? If so what sort?
  • What is your opinion of these alternative news sources.

Changing Face of Media

In the short Clickview documentary viewed in class the following changes in media were noted:
That the media has less opportunity to cover stories in depth as people are more attracted to celebrity and lifestyle issues.
Media ownership in Australia is currently concentrated on 70% private ownership.
The main sections of papers are now filled with Travel, Home Renovation and Eating Out
Journalism is an important means of keeping business and government accountable but only if it is free from their constraints.

Kirsty visits the media class

Today Kirsty Bennett, a first year cadet on The Advocate newspaper and former Marist Media student spoke to the current crop of media students about her experiences working on a newspaper. The Advocate is part of Fairfax Regional which is part of the bigger Fairfax organisation. She spoke about her role as a reporter, what was involved in rounds and also the importance of digital media. She spoke about print newspapers needing a a good online presence and that social media is increasingly important. She also spoke about using blogs as a way to inform readers about more specialised events that are not necessarily suitable for general readers of newspapers but more of a niche group.

Kirsty gets around 25 to 30cm to write a story and says the old pyramid structure of the Who, What, Where, When and How is becoming less important. She says her newspaper is encouraging journlists to move away from the pyramid and to have their facts scattered throughout the story so this encourages people to read the whole article.

She also spoke about the media portfolio that is externally assessed at the end of the year and strongly encouraged all students to watch the news so that they woul be able to draw on topical events in their media exam.

News Media Essay

News Essay: Choose one out of the following questions and write a 500 word response. Use your media book to help you.

1       ‘Broadsheet newspapers aim to ensure accuracy, accountability and clarity in their news stories.’  Examine how news is gathered and disseminated and whether journalists always satisfy these requirements.

2       ‘Tv news should entertain rather than enlighten its audience’.  Discuss the consequence of news as entertainment within a democracy.

3       ‘Print news is a dying medium. Online digital media is the future of news.’  Discuss whether you believe this to be true. Give examples on the differences between the two mediums and the benefits and drawbacks (if any) of both.

Criterion Standards Assessed

Criterion 1: Communicate Ideas and Information

Criterion 2: Plan Organise and Complete Activities

Criterion 4: Observe and Critically analyse media works

Remember: English expression, spelling, neatness and legibility of writing will be taken into account.

Due Monday 19th March, 2012

This handout will help you with the essay essaytips

Writing a News Story

You can write just about anything to make it a news story. Today we took Kiahn Ryan as an example.  Kiahn gave us some details of what happened between a spider, her car and her family. From this we created a news story.

Who – Kiahn Ryan
What  – Kiahn did not put on hand brake after reversing car
Where – In home driveway, Howth
When  – Earlier this morning
Why/How – spider distracted her

Learner Drivers Narrow Escape

Seventeen year old Kiahn Ryan of Howth had a lucky escape this morning.  Kiahn a learner driver and high school student was practising her reversing out of the family driveway. Unfortunately, Kiahn was not alone as a potentially venomous spider dangled before her and distracted the young student. Kiahn was warned by her sister to get out of the car which she promptly did, however, she forgot to put on the hand brake. The car rolled backwards and as the sisters desperately yelled for help, Lisa Ryan, the girls’ mother was able to prevent a serious accident. Kiahn said that, “It was an awful experience” and suggests, “people regularly check for spiders.”

  • We can take that same story but give it a different angle – this time concentrating upon the spiders

Spiders Infest Cars on Coast

An influx of venomous spiders believed to have arrived from South America on a barge have infested the cars of Howth residents.  There have been reports of several accidents involving cars and the spiders causing panic attacks. Local resident Kiahn Ryan nearly lost control of her car when a spider dangled before her causing her to panic, jump out of the car and forget to engage the handbrake. Spider expert, Blake Lang warned coasters to check for spider infestation and to report any sign of nests and eggs.

  • The same story with different angles can fill up space in a newspaper.

Plenty to think…

Plenty to think about in the media this year. Some of the highlights:

  • Gina Reinhardt and Control of Fairfax
  • Julian Assange Wikileaks appeal
  • Rupert Murdoch and News of the World Scandal (Just keeps Going)
  • The rise of social media

And lots more.


Watch a news broadcast on Channel 7, 9 or 10 and compare to SBS or ABC news.

How do they present their stories?
What were the main items of the day?
How was it divided into sections?
How long was spent on each news story?

news reader